Generally, home care and hospice are appropriate whenever a person prefers to stay home, but needs ongoing care that cannot easily or effectively be provided solely by family and friends. More and more older people, electing to live independent lives outside of an institution, are taking advantage of home care services as their physical capabilities diminish. Younger adults who are disabled or recuperating from acute illness are choosing home care whenever possible. Chronically ill infants and children are benefiting from sophisticated medical treatment in their loving and secure home environments. Thanks to the success of modern technology and the use of state-of-the-art medical equipment for use in the home, an increasing number of people are able to leave institutions or avoid ever having to enter them. They can be cared for safely and effectively in the comfort of their own home, surrounded by the ones they love. Individuals at the end of life are able to choose hospice care and remain secure in the midst of family and friends.